ITGS Online

‘hanging out the dirty linen’ to delve into the ethics of IT’s role in society.

ITGS Online (weekly)

Posted from Diigo. The rest of ITGSonline group favorite links are here.

ITGS Online (weekly)

Posted from Diigo. The rest of ITGSonline group favorite links are here.

ITGS Online (weekly)

Posted from Diigo. The rest of ITGSonline group favorite links are here.

ITGS Online (weekly)

  • “”This is the largest impact on the energy system in the United States we’ve seen from a cyberattack, full stop,” says Rob Lee, CEO of the critical-infrastructure-focused security firm Dragos. Aside from the financial impact on Colonial Pipeline or the many providers and customers of the fuel it transports, Lee points out that around 40 percent of US electricity in 2020 was produced by burning natural gas, more than any other source. That means, he argues, that the threat of cyberattacks on a pipeline presents a significant threat to the civilian power grid. “You have a real ability to impact the electric system in a broad way by cutting the supply of natural gas. This is a big deal,” he adds. “I think Congress is going to have questions. A provider got hit with ransomware from a criminal act, this wasn’t even a state-sponsored attack, and it impacted the system in this way?””

    Tags: ITGS, security, hack, ransomware, US, policies and standards

  • “BuzzFeed said it took “less than 10 minutes” to find Biden’s account, “using only a combination of the app’s built-in search tool and public friends feature”.

    “In the process,” it said, it “found nearly a dozen Biden family members and mapped out a social web that encompasses not only the first family but a wide network of people around them, including the president’s children, grandchildren, senior White House officials and all of their contacts on Venmo.””

    Tags: ITGS, security, app, account, president

  • “Fear-mongering Citizen app apparently stepped up from crime pronouncement to vigilantism this weekend when they offered a $30k reward for information about a gentleman they believed to be an arsonist responsible for starting a large fire.

    It is pretty clear local law enforcement didn’t ask for this assistance and that sharing of the photo could easily have endangered the “suspect,” or in this case victim, especially as requested in the quote below.”

    Tags: ITGS, citizen, app, justice, equality of access, database, privacy and anonymity

  • “Ring is effectively building the largest corporate-owned, civilian-installed surveillance network that the US has ever seen. An estimated 400,000 Ring devices were sold in December 2019 alone, and that was before the across-the-board boom in online retail sales during the pandemic. Amazon is cagey about how many Ring cameras are active at any one point in time, but estimates drawn from Amazon’s sales data place yearly sales in the hundreds of millions. The always-on video surveillance network extends even further when you consider the millions of users on Ring’s affiliated crime reporting app, Neighbors, which allows people to upload content from Ring and non-Ring devices.”

    Tags: ITGS, security, app, surveillance, network, control, amazon, IOT

  • “But that was not before the falsely accused man had his name and image widely shared. The alert sent by Citizen contained a photo and was seen by more than 861,000 people. It read: “Citizen is offering a $30,000 reward to anyone who provides information that leads to the arrest of the arson suspect.”

    Citizen told the Guardian in a statement it offered the cash reward “without formal coordination with the appropriate agencies”.

    “Once we realized this error, we immediately retracted the photo and reward offer,” it said. “We are actively working to improve our internal processes to ensure this does not occur again. This was a mistake we are taking very seriously.””

    Tags: ITGS, security, app, surveillance, network, false positive, citizen

  • “Iqbal Khan works as a chauffeur in Lahore. His children are in his home village in a rural area north of Peshawar. Both of these very different areas of Pakistan have the same problem for many of their young people: no means of getting access to an education.

    Online learning was not an option for Khan’s children as the pandemic locked down schools across cities and countryside. Even as he worked to pay the school fees, his two sons, aged 16 and 13, were unable to access any lessons as their schools went digital.”

    Tags: ITGS, education, e-learning, equality of access, school, internet

  • “It can be a tricky balance, especially as machines become more sophisticated.

    “Usually artificial intelligence systems are capable of coping better than humans because, as an example, they don’t suffer from annoyance. They are infinitely patient, they don’t care about wasting time,” says Mauro Migliardi, associate professor at the University of Padua in Italy. He recently coauthored a paper summarizing 20 years of captcha versions and their effectiveness.”

    Tags: ITGS, captcha, equality of access, security, ai, peopleandmachines

Posted from Diigo. The rest of ITGSonline group favorite links are here.

ITGS Online (weekly)

Posted from Diigo. The rest of ITGSonline group favorite links are here.

Do gen’ethics’ exist?

Applied Ethics is the study of concrete situations which can also be hypothetical, in light of more abstract ethical theorizing, in simpler terms, how to decide whether a particular action is right or wrong. Well, we all can agree that artificial intelligence and technology have exponentially grown over the years, but the only thing stopping them are ethics and beliefs. This is an ongoing debate over the years, we train a machine to think like humans, when it comes to problem-solving, that’s great but when it comes to using your personal beliefs or applying an ethical judgment in a situation. What does the machine inherit, a generalized outlook of the person or the developer’s personal beliefs? If something goes wrong, do we question the machine learning or the developer’s personal instincts? What action is supposed to be taken when a Tesla Self Driving Car is involved in a fatal car crash, who do we hold accountable for the following, autonomous vehicles or Musk?

 

Life 3.0: Being Human in the Age of Artificial Intelligence | Reimagining the Future

Well, talking about how far we have come, as mentioned by Max Tegmark in his TED Talk, he described certain activities being on different levels, starting with the ocean/sea are tasks AI can perform which are Translation, arithmetic, rote memorization, etc. Then, the land area contains, driving, speech recognition, etc, it can be said that AI can perform it but hasn’t mastered it yet. And finally, the top level of the sky has creative components like cinematography, poetry writing, Art, management, etc are the ones we still haven’t achieved yet. Following up with this, when all of these tasks are covered we reach a certain term called the AGI, artificial general intelligence. He believes that, when someone says, there are always jobs humans can do better than machines, indirectly mean that we can’t reach the level of AGI. My personal opinion is that we can reach a certain level of AGI, but it won’t be used to replace human jobs, but to substitute them and making them more efficient. I disagree with Max when he said, reaching AGI will make machines more intelligent, at the end of the day it’s the humans who are the backbone of AI, it can never outgrow it. You know how much a book tells you, there is no exception in technology. Twenty years ago, no one thought a cylindrical device on your table-top could operate your lighting or start playing music, these tasks haven’t really replaced or challenge a human’s capability in any way, they have made our lives easier. I believe AI serves the duty to re-engineer the human mind to increase productivity in innovation. When Bill Gates said, he hires lazy people to do hard jobs because they find an easier way to do it, the AI is that path to an easy way of getting tasks done.

Well, the principle I found the most interesting was AI safety research, when it comes to technology, the dangers of what a piece of innovation entails is the biggest issue. This principle can prevent not only the most harmful bugs but also be less prone to hackers. This principle is the turning point of AI tech technologies because it reduces the risk of the technology turning against us and ‘overtaking the world’ as people say. This principle saves a lot of time and also increases the chances of developing the product more. Talking about the principle of human values, which can be described as AI systems should be designed and operated to be compatible with ideals of human dignity, rights, freedoms, and cultural diversity. But I feel that it is a little difficult to specify what ideal would come under, this sounds philosophical, but I feel it should be in the best interest of the society will be using the product. Coming to social justice is one of the common principles by Tegmark and Andrew Devin. According to Tegmark, it is described as Any involvement by an autonomous system in judicial decision-making should provide a satisfactory explanation auditable by a competent human authority. According to Devin, Social justice is simply this: setting up society in ways that

  •  Doesn’t discriminate based on irrelevant (and in particular uncontrollable) factors
  •  Corrects ways that structures and historical dynamics in society unjustly influence one’s success in life.

This is basically fairness, I guess both of them are genuine would provide the most fruitful result if they were intertwined together to give on a common principle. The one disadvantage I feel is these apply in theoretical situations more than practical. These principles should make use of common court cases or the wicked problems regarding AI in today’s world and then collectively be formed to what is practical and more feasible in today’s world.

Concluding that it is all in the hands of the humans and develops about how much control do they want to transfer onto machines and till what extent. But idealistic ethics and beliefs can’t replace a human judgment because it involves too many factors which influence it, a machine can’t stimulate the same behavior.

AI is good, as long as we enact ethics controls

 

ITGS Online (weekly)

Posted from Diigo. The rest of ITGSonline group favorite links are here.

ITGS Online (weekly)

  • “According to Derek & Laura Cabrera, “wicked problems result from the mismatch between how real-world systems work and how we think they work”. With systems thinking, there is constant testing and feedback between the real world, in all its complexity, and our mental model of it. This openness to test and look for feedback led Dr. Fisman to change his mind on the airborne spread of the coronavirus.”

    Tags: ITGS, systems thinking, models, reliability, simulations, wicked problems

Posted from Diigo. The rest of ITGSonline group favorite links are here.

ITGS Online (weekly)

Posted from Diigo. The rest of ITGSonline group favorite links are here.

World’s Right to the World Wide Web

Internet is in the name it interconnects different people from different corners of the world to produce or acquire knowledge about a certain issue or topic.

Is the internet a bare necessity? I want to say yes, but looking around today, we have managed to overuse, exploit and exhaust most of the bare necessities. It is time for the internet now, this argument has not two but too many sides of it. I am sure people would have a different stance on this before, but today with the pandemic going on, the internet is the only solution to everything. It certainly is a blessing in disguise. But the internet being a human right, indirectly enables us to take it for granted. Internet managed to bring distanced people closer together, but the people next to us further apart. Are we ready to face criticism from people behind the screens? Internet is the main channel to exchange information and denying information to anyone is outrightly unfair.

So How long have you been without Internet meme - AhSeeit

The exact number of internet users at this very moment is 4,896,851,200, this still means that forty percent of the country still doesn’t have access to the country. Apart from statistics, let us see what points make which side of the debate more valid. In one part of the world, the internet is used to destroy the meaning of humanity with the use of cyberterrorism, using the privilege to conduct violent acts. Not only this, it has lead to an increase in cases of anxiety and depression, as it paints a perfect picture of how life should be, but that’s just an illusion. It is hard to connect with people because all we see are filtered and polished on the platform, the platform which was mainly to increase the spread of information. Even Newton said it, every force has an equal and opposite reaction force, in the case of the internet it was misinformation, misusing the chance of being anonymous, or framing people.

On the other hand,  The digital divide and equality of access is the biggest issue here, the fact that there still exist people with no internet access, from submitting your homework digitally to job applications. It is just another door to being accepted in society socially, economically, and politically. It is still disappointing, how people in countries like Africa or in Asia still don’t have adequate access to, especially the women or the members lower down in the society. Talking about the positives, they are endless, starting with acknowledging that being online does not guarantee you right and after researching I found out certain examples of internet engagement that helped hold Government and institution and these were much needed when it comes to the level of justice

1.The ‘Arab Spring’- new ways of global reporting on government atrocities

2.Documenting unjustified police violence against African Americans in the US

3. #MeToo campaign — helping to ‘out’ sexual harassment of women by powerful men

Is The Internet A Human Right? | TechCrunch

4.Black Lives Matter movement

 

I feel the situation for this wicked debate is strict protocols and policies by the United Nations which are uniform throughout the world, a limit on what content should be on the internet to administering the use of anonymity There shouldn’t be a way for the countries to get out of this just to enforce the country and leave any stones unturned to a human right. The internet is totally in favor of the social issue of Globalization, which was neglected in the olden days, it certainly has grown over the decades and the countries and certain organization like Jio in India have worked towards providing this service to reaching almost 50%, which is a big deal for a developing country. At the same time, the Indian government has coined and aims to make the term “Digital India, Power to empower”. The idea of giving a voice and power to all the minority groups of India in order to reach the desired outcome of Digital Equality.

To get a different perspective, I asked my parents the same question, their stance was pretty neutral because they have a decent education and job experience in the times when the internet didn’t exist, but they do prefer living with the internet cause it made knowledge easier and more accessible, it made certain tasks more efficient. But they believe that sometimes, knowledge from the internet is half-knowledge, and it is said that half knowledge is as dangerous as no knowledge, elaborating their point, we tend to skim read half of the articles and posts, we tend to just read the headline and continue swiping down. At the end of the day, it is all on us, how we choose to use the internet and to what extent do we credit it for our knowledge.

As it was rightly said in a panel discussion, the internet is not just a right, but it is a superhuman right, it enables you access to a plethora of domains and platforms which are physically impossible to reach. A peculiar thought, if the internet existed in the olden times, could we have steered clear of wars and settled in through a few posts and tweets. And one of

Yin Yang Internet Yoga Sign Icon Stock Vector (Royalty Free) 1447223135

the most obvious points, why is it even called the World Wide Web if it’s not widespread? Well, to conclude, the internet is good and bad, it was one of the best inventions but the exponential evolution of it might not be in our best interest, but again you might have not read this without the internet, so bare necessity? YES.

What would you choose, living in a country with no internet connectivity or in a country with internet sovereignty? I just wanted to end with saying, there is a positive and a negative side of, till they co-exist balancing each other, the world is a safe place, but the future generations are in for a ride. 

 

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